If any of your screening tests (Pap test, VIA, HPV test) are found to be positive, further testing may be necessary to determine whether the changes in cervix are cancerous. A colposcopy may be performed and/or a small sample of tissue (biopsy) will be obtained from the cervix.
· Colposcopy: A procedure in which a colposcope (a lighted, magnifying instrument) is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas.
Biopsy: If abnormal cells are found in a Pap test, the doctor may do a biopsy. A sample of tissue is cut from the cervix and viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. A biopsy that removes only a small amount of tissue is usually done in the out patient department (OPD). If a larger cone-shaped sample needs to be taken (cone biopsy), you may need to get admitted for a short period.